|Notable Vail Kin
"VAIL, Alfred, inventor, was born in Morristown, N.J., Sept. 25,
1807; son of Judge Stephen (1780-1864) and Bethiah Youngs Vail.
He was graduated from the University of the City of New York,
1836, but was obliged by ill health to abandon the idea of
entering the Presbyterian ministry. On Sept. 2, 1837, he
attended the exhibition of the telegraph apparatus of Professor
S. F. B. Morse at the University, his interest in the invention
resulting in an agreement with Professor Morse by which Vail was
to receive a one-fourth interest in the invention in the United
States, on condition that he construct at his own expense and
exhibit before a congressional committee, one of the instruments
and procure the necessary United States patents. ... more at "Notable Vail Kin"
||married: (1) Jane Elizabeth
married: (2) Amanda Eno 1855
| died: 1859
Stephen Vail (1840 - 1909) married Alice E. Stevens 1882
James Cummings Vail (1843 - 1917) married
(1) Lena D. Hayes 1872; married (2) Ruth Ridgely
George Rochester Vail (1852 -
|NJ Inventors Hall of Fame - NJ Institute
"Alfred Vail bought an interest in Samuel F. B. Morse's
telegraph in 1837, and agreed to manufacture a complete set of
telegraphic instruments and to finance American and foreign
patents. He participated in the first public exhibition of the
telegraph in New York City and before the Franklin Institute and
the United State Congress. He invented the horizontal lever
motion for the telegraph, devised the dot-dash alphabet, and
built the grooved roller and automatic telegraph lever."
|Morse Code or Vail Code?
The invention of the Morse code is generally attributed
to Samuel F. B. Morse. Have we been mislead by historians? Have
historians overlooked important documents? Or have historians
just not shared all the facts with us? The following quote is
taken from an article in "The Century: Illustrated Monthly
Magazine", April, 1888, by Franklin Pope, titled "The
American Inventors of the Telegraph, with special references to
the services of Alfred Vail". The article is quite lengthily
and comprehensive and is recommended reading for anyone
interested in early telegraph history. ... more at "The Telegraph Office"